You can find the the most up-to-date list of Lancaster Photosynthesis publications on the website for the LEC Plant and Crop Sciences group.



Orr DJ, Robijns AKJ, Baker CR, Niyogi KK, Carmo-Silva E. (2022) Dynamics of Rubisco regulation by sugar phosphate derivatives and their phosphatases.  Journal of Experimental Botany. 

Liu AK, Pereira JH, Kehl AJ, Rosenberg D, Orr D, Chu SKS, Banda DM, Hammel M, Adams PD, Siegel JB, Shih PM. (2022) Structural plasticity enables evolution and innovation of rubisco assemblies Science Advances. 

Reynolds MP, Slafer GA, Foulkes JM, Griffiths S, Murchie EH, Carmo-Silva E, Asseng S, Chapman SC, Sawkins M, Gwyn J, Flavell RB. (2022) A wiring diagram to integrate physiological traits of wheat yield potential Nature Food

Long SP, Taylor SH, Burgess SJ, Carmo-Silva E, Lawson T, De Souza AP, Leonelli L, Wang Y. (2022) Into the Shadows and Back into Sunlight: Photosynthesis in Fluctuating Light. Annual Review of Plant Biology.

Correia PMP, Westergaard JC, Bernardes da Silva A, Roitsch T, Carmo-Silva E, Marques da Silva J. (2022) High-throughput phenotyping of physiological traits for wheat resilience to high temperature and drought stress. Journal of Experimental Botany.

Digrado A, Gonzalez-Escobar E, Owston N, Page R, Mohammed SB, Umar ML, Boukar O, Ainsworth EA, Carmo-Silva E. (2022) Cowpea leaf width correlates with above ground biomass across diverse environments. Legume Science.

Sales CRG, Molero G, Evans JR, Taylor SH, Joynson R, Furbank RT, Hall A, Carmo-Silva E (2022) Phenotypic variation in photosynthetic traits in wheat grown under field versus glasshouse conditions. Journal of Experimental Botany .

Caruana L, Orr DJ, Carmo-Silva E (2022) Rubiscosome gene expression is balanced across the hexaploid wheat genome. Photosynthesis Research.

Taylor SH*, Gonzalez-Escobar E*, Page R, Parry MAJ, Long SP, Carmo-Silva E (2022) Faster than expected Rubisco deactivation in shade reduces cowpea photosynthetic potential in variable light conditions. Nature Plants.



Harbinson J, Parry MAJ, Davies J, Rolland N, Loreto F, Wilhelm R, Metzlaff K, Lankhorst RK (2021) Designing the Crops for the Future; The CropBooster Program. Biology 10:690.

Correia PMP, da Silva AB, Vaz M, Carmo-Silva E, Marques da Silva J (2021) Efficient regulation of CO2 assimilation enables greater resilience to high temperature and drought in maize. Frontiers in Plant Science 12:675546.

Perdomo JA, Buchner P, Carmo-Silva E (2021) The relative abundance of wheat Rubisco activase isoforms is post-transcriptionally regulated. Photosynthesis Research (Online)

Lin MT*, Orr DJ*, Worrall D, Parry MAJ, Carmo-Silva E, Hanson MR (2021) A procedure to introduce point mutations into the Rubisco large subunit gene in wild-type plants. The Plant Journal 106:876-887.

Correia PMP, da Silva AB, Roitsch T, Carmo-Silva E, Marques da Silva J (2021) Photoprotection and optimization of sucrose usage contribute to faster recovery of photosynthesis after water deficit at high temperatures in wheat. Physiologia Plantarum 172:615-628.

Degen GE, Orr DJ, Carmo-Silva E (2021) Heat‐induced changes in the abundance of wheat Rubisco activase isoforms. New Phytologist 229:1298-1311.


Orr DJ, Parry MAJ (2020) Overcoming the limitations of Rubisco: fantasy or realistic prospect? Journal of Plant Physiology 254:153285.

Donovan S, Mao Y, Orr DJ, Carmo-Silva E, McCormick AJ (2020) CRISPR/Cas9-mediated mutagenesis of the Rubisco small subunit family in Nicotiana tabacum. Frontiers in Genome Editing 2:605614.

Banda DM, Pereira JH, Liu AK, Orr DJ, Hammel M, He C, Parry MAJ, Carmo-Silva E, Adams PD, Banfield JF. Shih PM (2020). Novel Bacterial Clade Reveals Origins of Form I Rubisco. Nature Plants 6:1158-1166.

Taylor SH, Orr DJ, Carmo-Silva E, Long SP (2020). During photosynthetic induction, biochemical and stomatal limitations differ between Brassica crops. Plant, Cell & Environment 43:2623-2636.

Kretzler B, Sales CRG, Karady M, Carmo-Silva E, Dodd IC (2020) Maintenance of photosynthesis as leaves age improves whole plant water use efficiency in an Australian wheat cultivar. Agronomy 10:1102.

McAusland L, Vialet‐Chabrand S, Jauregui I, Burridge A, Hubbart‐Edwards S, Fryer MJ, King IP, King J, Pyke K, Edwards KJ, Carmo‐Silva E, Lawson T, Murchie EH. (2020). Variation in key leaf photosynthetic traits across wheat wild relatives is accession‐dependent not species‐dependent. New Phytologist 228:1767-1780.

Khumsupan P, Kozlowska MA, Orr DJ, Andreou AI, Nakayama N, Patron N, Carmo-Silva E, McCormick AJ (2020) Generating and characterising single- and multi-gene mutants of the Rubisco small subunit family in Arabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany 71:5963-5975

Sales CRG, Bernardes da Silva A, Carmo-Silva E (2020) Measuring Rubisco activity: challenges and opportunities of NADH-linked microtiter plate-based and 14C-based assays. Journal of Experimental Botany 71:5302-5312.

Degen GE, Worrall D, Carmo‐Silva E (2020) An isoleucine residue acts as a thermal and regulatory switch in wheat Rubisco activase. The Plant Journal 103:742-751.

Goudet MMM, Orr DJ, Melkonian M, Müller KH, Meyer MT, Carmo‐Silva E, Griffiths H (2020) Rubisco and carbon concentrating mechanism (CCM) co‐evolution across Chlorophyte and Streptophyte green algae. New Phytologist 227: 810-823.

Orr DJ, Worrall D, Lin MT, Carmo-Silva E, Hanson MR, Parry MAJ. (2020) Hybrid cyanobacterial-tobacco Rubisco supports autotrophic growth and pre-carboxysomal aggregation. Plant Physiology 182:807-818.


Perdomo JA, Degen GE, Worrall D, Carmo-Silva E (2019) Rubisco activation by wheat Rubisco activase isoform 2β is insensitive to inhibition by ADP. Biochemical Journal 476:2595-2606.

De Souza A, Yu W, Orr DJCarmo-Silva E, Long S (2019) Photosynthesis across African cassava germplasm is limited by Rubisco and mesophyll conductance at steady-state, but by stomatal conductance in fluctuating light. New Phytologist 225:2498-2512.

Lobo AKM, Orr DJ, Gutierrez MO, Andralojc PJ, Sparks C, Parry MAJ, Carmo-Silva E (2019) Overexpression of ca1pase decreases Rubisco abundance and grain yield in wheat. Plant Physiology 181:471-479. (See the F1000 recommendation from Don Ort and Rebecca Slattery here: Link.)

Page MT, Parry MAJ, Carmo-Silva E (2019) A high‐throughput transient expression system for rice. Plant, Cell & Environment 42:2057-2064.

Pennacchi JP, Carmo-Silva E, Andralojc PJ, Lawson T, Allen AM, Raines CA, Parry MAJ (2019) Stability of wheat grain yields over three field seasons in the UK. Food and Energy Security e00147.


Ainsworth EA, Carmo-Silva E (2019) Harnessing genetic variation in metabolic traits to understand trait evolution and improve the sustainability of crop production. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 49:A1-A3.


Jauregui I, Rothwell SA, Taylor SH, Parry MAJ, Carmo-Silva E, Dodd IC (2018) Whole plant chamber to examine sensitivity of cereal gas exchange to changes in evaporative demand. Plant Methods 14:97.

Pennacchi JP, Carmo-Silva E, Andralojc PJ, Feuerhelm D, Powers SJ, Parry MAJ (2018) Dissecting wheat grain yield drivers in a mapping population in the UK. Agronomy 8:94.

Townsend AJ, Retkute R, Chinnathambi K, Randall JWP, Foulkes JF, Carmo-Silva E, Murchie EH (2018) Suboptimal acclimation of photosynthesis to light in wheat canopiesPlant Physiology 176:1233-1246

Alotaibi SS, Sparks CA, Parry MAJ, Simkin AJ, Raines CA (2018) Identification of leaf promoters for use in transgenic wheatPlants 7:27

Book chapters

Sales CRG, Degen GE, da Silva AB, Carmo-Silva E (2018) Spectrophotometric determination of Rubisco activity and activation state in leaf extracts. In: Covshoff S (ed) Photosynthesis: Methods and Protocols, Methods in Molecular Biology, 1770: 239-250. Springer, New York

Orr DJ, Carmo-Silva E (2018) Extraction of Rubisco to determine catalytic constants. In: Covshoff S (ed) Photosynthesis: Methods and Protocols, Methods in Molecular Biology, 1770: 229-238. Springer, New York

Perdomo JA, Sales CRG, Carmo-Silva E (2018) Quantification of photosynthetic enzymes in leaf extracts by immunoblotting. In: Covshoff S (ed) Photosynthesis: Methods and Protocols, Methods in Molecular Biology, 1770: 215-227. Springer, New York


Andralojc PJ, Carmo-Silva E, Degen GE, Parry MAJ (2018) Increasing metabolic potential: C-fixation. Essays in Biochemistry. 62:109-118


Taylor SH, Long SP (2017) Slow induction of photosynthesis on shade to sun transitions in wheat may cost at least 21% of productivity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 372:20160543

Driever SM, Simkin AJ, Alotaibi S, Fisk SJ, Madgwick PJ, Sparks CA, Jones HD, Lawson T, Parry MAJ, Raines CA (2017) Increased SBPase activity improves photosynthesis and grain yield in wheat grown in greenhouse conditions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 372:20160384

Pauli D, White J, Andrade-Sanchez P, Conley M, Heun J, Thorp K, French A, Hunsaker D, Carmo-Silva E, Wang G, Gore M (2017) Investigation of the influence of leaf thickness on canopy reflectance and physiological traits in upland and Pima cotton populations. Frontiers in Plant Science 8:1405

Carmo-Silva E, Andralojc PJ, Scales JC, Driever SM, Mead A, Lawson T, Raines CA, Parry MAJ (2017) Phenotyping of field-grown wheat in the UK highlights contribution of light response of photosynthesis and flag leaf longevity to grain yield. Journal of Experimental Botany 68:3472-3486

Walker B, Orr DJ, Carmo-Silva E, Parry MAJ, Bernacchi CJ, Ort DR (2017) Uncertainty in measurements of the photorespiratory CO2 compensation point and its impact on models of leaf photosynthesis. Photosynthesis Research 132:245-255

Perdomo JA, Capó-Bauçà S, Carmo-Silva E, Galmés J (2017) Rubisco and Rubisco activase play an important role in the biochemical limitations of photosynthesis in rice, wheat, and maize under high temperature and water deficit. Frontiers in Plant Science 8:490

Atkinson N, Leitão N, Orr DJ, Meyer MT, Carmo-Silva E, Griffiths H, Smith AM, McCormick AJ (2017) Rubisco small subunits from the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas complement Rubisco-deficient mutants of Arabidopsis. New Phytologist 214:655-667


Orr DJ, Pereira AM, Fonseca Pereira P, Pereira-Lima ÍA, Zsögön A, Araújo WL(2017) Engineering photosynthesis: progress and perspectives. F1000Research 6:1891

Niinemets Ü, Berry JA, Caemmerer S, Ort DR, Parry MAJ, Poorter H (2017) Photosynthesis: ancient, essential, complex, diverse… and in need of improvement in a changing world. New Phytologist 213:43-47

Zhu X, Parry MAJ, Lu Y, Heard M, Ying G, Vaughan S, Shen J, Jenkins A, Wang Y, Lacorte S, Ouyang T, Salcedo FP, Ni J, Quinton J, Luo C, Zhang F, Zhang G, Davies W, Jones K, Tyfield D (2017) Building the new international science of the agriculture–food–water–environment Nexus in China and the world. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability. 2:e01249


Perdomo JA, Carmo-Silva E, Hermida-Carrera C, Flexas J, Galmés J (2016) Acclimation of biochemical and diffusive components of photosynthesis in rice, wheat and maize to heat and water deficit: implications for modeling photosynthesis. Frontiers in Plant Science 7:1719

Orr DJ, Alcântara AM, Kapralov MV, Andralojc PJ, Carmo-Silva E, Parry MAJ (2016) Surveying Rubisco diversity and temperature response to improve crop photosynthetic efficiency. Plant Physiology 172:707-717

Scafaro A, Gallé A, van Rie J, Carmo-Silva E, Salvucci ME, Atwell BJ (2016) Heat tolerance in a wild Oryza species is attributed to maintenance of Rubisco activation by a thermally stable Rubisco activase ortholog. New Phytologist 211:899-911

Pauli D, Andrade-Sanchez P, Carmo-Silva E, Gazave E, French A, Heun J, Hunsaker D, Lipka A, Setter T, Strand R, Thorp K, Wang S, White J, Gore M (2016) Field-based high-throughput plant phenotyping reveals the temporal patterns of quantitative trait loci associated with stress-responsive traits in cotton. G3: Genes, Genomes, Genetics 6:865-879

Prins A, Orr DJ, Andralojc PJ, Reynolds MP, Carmo-Silva E, Parry MAJ (2016) Rubisco catalytic properties of wild and domesticated relatives provide scope for improving wheat photosynthesis. Journal of Experimental Botany 67:1827-1838

Shih PM, Occhialini A, Cameron JC, Andralojc PJ, Parry MAJ, Kerfeld CA (2016) Biochemical characterization of predicted Precambrian Rubisco. Nature Communications 7:10382


Hanson MR, Lin MT, Carmo-Silva E, Parry MAJ (2016) Towards engineering carboxysomes into C3 plants. The Plant Journal 87:38-50

Betti M, Bauwe H, Busch FA, Fernie AR, Keech O, Levey M, Ort DR, Parry MAJ, Sage R, Timm S, Walker B, Weber APM (2016) Manipulating photorespiration to increase plant productivity: recent advances and perspectives for crop improvement. Journal of Experimental Botany 67:2977-2988


Parry MAJ, Davies WJ, Azevedo RA (2017) Six years old and growing strongly. Food and Energy Security 6:e00124


Thorp KR, Gore MA, Andrade-Sanchez P, Carmo-Silva E, Welch SM, White JW, French AN (2015) Proximal hyperspectral sensing and data analysis approaches for field-based plant phenomics. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 118:225-236

Zheng J-C, Yang Z-Y, Madgwick PJ, Carmo-Silva E, Parry MAJ, Hu Y-G (2015) TaER expression is associated with transpiration efficiency traits and yield in bread wheat. PLOS ONE 10: e0128415

Cendrero-Mateo MP, Carmo-Silva E, Porcar-Castell A, Hamerlynck EP, Papuga SA, Moran MS (2015) Dynamic response of plant chlorophyll fluorescence to light, water and nutrient availability. Functional Plant Biology 42:746-757


Carmo-Silva E, Scales JC, Madgwick P, Parry MAJ (2015) Optimising Rubisco and its regulation for greater resource use efficiency. Plant, Cell and Environment 38:1817-1832