Dr John B. Appleby (King’s College London, 2013-2016; Lancaster University, 2016-present)

Lancaster Medical School
Lancaster University
Lancaster, LA1 4YW


John B. Appleby joined the Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion at Lancaster University, as a research associate in 2016. He was previously at the Dickson Poon School of Law as a research associate from 2013-2016. His research background is in the field of bioethics, and he specialises in the ethics of reproduction. He graduated from the University of Toronto in 2008 with a BSc in bioethics (moral philosophy) and life sciences. In 2009 he graduated from NYU with an MA in bioethics. In 2014 he graduated from Cambridge University with a PhD in bioethics (moral philosophy). John’s doctoral research was carried out at the Centre for Family Research at the University of Cambridge and his research was made possible via a Wellcome Trust Studentship in Bioethics (which was part of a larger Wellcome Trust funded bioethics project led by Professor Susan Golombok).

John’s research focused on the ethical and legal issues surrounding human reproductive tissue donation. His other research included the ethics of sharing information about genetic relatedness. In 2012 John co-edited (with Martin Richards and Guido Pennings) a published volume titled Reproductive donation: practices, policies and bioethics and in 2016 he  co-edited (with Susan Golombok, Rosamund Scott, Stephen Wilkinson and Martin Richards) a published volume titled Regulating reproductive donation (both volumes are published with Cambridge University Press).

John is now a Lecturer in Medical Ethics at Lancaster University.

Dr Reuven Brandt (Lancaster University, 2015-2016)

Image of Reuven Brandt. A man wearing glasses with his arms folded


Department of Philosophy
UC San Diego
9500 Gilman Drive #0119
La Jolla, CA 92093-0119


Reuven Brandt joined the department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion at Lancaster University in January 2015.  His primary research interest was the structure of responsibilities towards children that arises in assisted reproduction. He received a BA from the University of Victoria, and an MA and PhD from Western University.

Reuven is now an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at UC San Diego.

Dr Sarah Carter-Walshaw (Lancaster University, 2017-2018)

IDEA Inter-disciplinary Applied Ethics Centre
University of Leeds
17 Blenheim Terrace Lancaster
Leeds, LS2 9JT


Sarah Carter-Walshaw graduated with a BA in Philosophy from Roehampton University in 2011 and from the University of Leeds in 2013 with an MA in Health Care Ethics. She then completed a PhD in Bioethics and Medical Jurisprudence at the University of Manchester in 2017.

Sarah’s principal research interests regard the ethical, social, and legal implications of emerging biotechnologies and interventions. She is also interested in the implications of the use of in vitro gametogenesis for reproductive purposes in socially infertile persons and in ethical issues raised by pronatalism.

Sarah is now a Lecturer in Applied and Interdisciplinary Ethics at the University of Leeds.

Dr Hane Maung (Lancaster University, 2017-2018)

Image of Hane Maung. A man looking into the distance with his hand on his chin.


Department of Philosophy
School of Social Sciences
Humanities Bridgeford Street
University of Manchester, M13 9PL



Dr Hane Maung is a philosopher with interests in the conceptual, metaphysical, and ethical problems in medicine. He joined the Donation and Transfer of Human Reproductive Materials research project at Lancaster University in 2017. Before his career in philosophy, he qualified in medicine and specialised as a psychiatrist in the National Health Service.

Hane attained his PhD in Philosophy from Lancaster University in 2017. In 2014, he completed an MPhil with distinction in Philosophy and Ethics of Mental Health at the University of Pretoria. Before this, he graduated from the University of Cambridge with an MB BChir in Medicine in 2008, and a BA (Hons) in History and Philosophy of Science in 2005. He holds an MRCPsych from the Royal College of Psychiatrists.

Hane is now a Leverhulme Trust Fellow in Philosophy at the University of Manchester.

Laura O’Donovan (Lancaster University, 2019-2021)

Image of Laura O'Donovan. A woman with brown shoulder-length hair wearing a red hairband.

Department of Politics, Philosophy, and Religion
County South, B
Lancaster University
Lancaster, LA1 4YL


Laura joined the Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion at the University of Lancaster in January 2019. Her research background is in the area of medical law, family law and bioethics. Her main research interests are the ethics and regulation of reproduction and assisted reproductive technologies, and changing conceptions of parenthood and the family in law. Laura holds an LLB in English Law with French Law and an LLM in Health Care Ethics and Law from the University of Manchester. She is currently finishing her PhD at Manchester where she is a President’s Doctoral Scholar.

Dr César Palacios-González (King’s College London, 2015-2018)

The Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics
University of Oxford
Suite 8, Littlegate House
St Ebbe’s St, Oxford, OX1 1PT


César Palacios-González joined The Dickson Poon School of Law as a research associate in 2015. His research background is in philosophy. He graduated from Universidad Panamericana in 2008 with a BA in Philosophy, the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 2012 with an MPhil in Philosophy, and The University of Manchester in 2015 with a PhD in Science Ethics.

César’s current research focuses on the ethical issues surrounding in vitro gametogenesis, mitochondrial replacement, and chimera research.

César is now a Senior Research Fellow in Practical Ethics at the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics.

Professor Rosamund Scott – Principal Investigator (King’s College London, 2013-2021)

The Dickson Poon School of Law
King’s College London
Somerset House
Room SW3.17
Strand, London, WC2R 2LS


Rosamund Scott is Professor of Medical Law and Ethics and Co-Director of the Centre of Medical Law and Ethics in the Dickson Poon School of Law, King’s College London.

Her academic background is in philosophy and law and she has published widely in the field of reproductive ethics and law. Her first book, Rights, Duties and the Body: Law and Ethics of the Maternal-Fetal Conflict (Hart Publishing, 2002) was shortlisted for the Society of Legal Scholars Prize for Outstanding Legal Scholarship in 2002. In 2007 she published Choosing Between Possible Lives: Law and Ethics of Prenatal and Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (Hart Publishing).

Her current research focuses on a number of themes and topics in reproductive donation, including egg sharing and egg donation, the welfare of the child, mitochondrial replacement and various (moral and legal) human rights dimensions of reproductive donation.

Dr Katherine Wade (King’s College London, 2015-2017)

Image of Katherine Wade. A smiling woman with her hair tied up.Leicester Law School
University of Leicester
University Road
Leicester, LE1 7RH


Katherine Wade joined the Dickson Poon School of Law as a Postdoctoral Research Associate in 2015. Her research background is in the area of medical law, bioethics, human rights and children’s rights. She holds a BCL from the National University of Ireland, Galway and an LLM from University College Cork. In 2015, she graduated with a PhD in law from University College Cork. Her thesis explored the legal and ethical issues in the context of clinical trials with neonates and made recommendations for reform in Ireland based on international children’s rights law. Katherine’s current research focuses on human rights and children’s rights perspectives in the area of assisted reproduction, with particular reference to reproductive donation. Katherine has been a visiting scholar at a number of institutions in Europe and the US including the Brocher Foundation, Geneva, St Louis Law School, Missouri and Emory Law School, Atlanta. In March 2014, she was a Yale-Hastings Visiting Researcher.

Katherine is now a Lecturer in Law at the University of Leicester.

Professor Stephen Wilkinson – Principal Investigator (Lancaster University, 2013-2021)

Image of Stephen Wilkinson. A man with a beard wearing a pinstripe blazer.Department of Politics, Philosophy, and Religion
County South, B68
Lancaster University
Lancaster, LA1 4YL


Stephen Wilkinson is Professor of Bioethics, Associate Dean for Research for the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, and Chair of the University Research Ethics Committee. He is a Lancaster graduate and returned to Lancaster as a professor in 2013.

Much of his work is about reproductive ethics and the regulation of reproductive technologies, especially the ethics of selective reproduction (practices that involve choosing between different possible future people). A book on this topic (Choosing Tomorrow’s Children, Oxford University Press) was published in 2010. Since then, particular interests have included ethical issues raised by uterus transplantation, non-invasive pre-natal testing, mitochondrial replacement, new sources of eggs and sperm, genome editing, surrogacy, and public funding for infertility treatment.

Another abiding interest is the commercial exploitation of the human body, which was the subject of his first book, Bodies for Sale (Routledge, 2003).

From 2013 to 2021, he was the joint leader of a large Wellcome-funded research programme about the Ethics and Regulation of Human Reproductive Donation. From 2022, he will be leading another large Wellcome project called The Future of Human Reproduction: transformative agendas and methods for the Humanities and Social Sciences, a collaboration with Lancaster colleagues from Design, English Literature, Law, Linguistics, Philosophy, Psychology. He has previously held research grants from the AHRB, AHRC, British Academy, and Leverhulme Trust.

Dr Nicola Williams (Lancaster University, 2014-2021)

Image of Nicola Williams. A woman with red hair and a fringe.Department of Politics, Philosophy, and Religion
County South, B85
Lancaster University
Lancaster, LA1 4YL


Nicola Williams joined the Department of Politics, Philosophy and Religion at the University of Lancaster in September 2014. Her research background is in the fields of Philosophy and Politics and her main academic interests lie in questions of reproductive ethics, personal identity and intergenerational justice.

Nicola graduated from The University of Reading in 2008 with a BA in Politics and Philosophy, The University of York in 2010 with an MA in Practical Ethics, and The University of Manchester in 2015 with a PhD in Bioethics and Medical Jurisprudence.

Nicola is now a Leverhulme Trust Fellow at Lancaster.