Metaphor Menu – Acknowledgements and sources


The work that led to the Metaphor Menu has been funded by the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council (grant numbers: ES/J007927/1 and ES/R008906/1) and by Lancaster University.

Thanks are due to the following for their contribution to the Metaphor Menu: Dr Alison Birtle, Pavle Ninkovic, Emily Culpeper, Craig Evans, staff from St John’s Hospice (Lancaster), and volunteers from Cancer Care.

Sources of the metaphors in the Metaphor Menu

Examples 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 10 and 17 are based on the data collected as part of our project.

Example 5 is adapted from a comment on the New York Times blog ‘The New Old Age’, April 2014 (

Examples 6 and 14 were offered to the research team for inclusion in the Menu by people who have experienced cancer. The team are grateful to Jette Holt for Example 6.

Example 9 is adapted from an article by Kate Granger in the Guardian newspaper, April 2014 (

Examples 11, 12 and 15 are adapted from two of the comments on an article by Kate Granger in the Guardian newspaper, April 2014  (

Examples 13 and 16 were adapted from an article by Andrew Graystone, BBC news magazine, November 2013 (

The images were produced by Scriberia.

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